What can you eat if you have kidney stones

What can you eat if you have kidney stones

The formation of stones or kidney stones It is a very common pathology that could be avoided with good nutrition and healthy lifestyle habits. Now, if you have already confirmed the presence of calcium kidney stonesone of the most common types is the diet you need to follow.

1. Cooking with extra virgin olive oil

Among the many valuable benefits of olive oil, demonstrates its ability to prevent cardiovascular disease thanks to its content of fatty acids that help reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol levels, improving blood circulation and lowering blood pressure, which amounts to a strengthen your kidneys.

We have seen that in populations with a high consumption of olive oil the incidence of kidney stones is much lower.

2. Limit proteins and choose those that are easily digestible

Once the presence of kidney stones has been detected, it is better than limiting protein intake. To do this, you can reduce the consumption of meat, fish, dairy products and eggs. This does not mean that you should eliminate these foods. In the case of meat, it gives priority to leansuch as chicken, turkey or rabbit.

3. Drink low mineral water

baby at least 2 liters of water per day to dilute the urine and reduce the risk of stone formation. If you buy bottled water, check that it is low mineralization.

Also, to reduce the risk of stones, you can drink a glass of warm water with a few lemon dropsevery morning, to alkalize your pH.

4. Avoid green leafy vegetables

To avoid the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones, it is important to minimize the consumption of foods containing oxalate. Among the foods richest in this substance are spinach, chard or broccoli.

Boil the vegetables is an effective way to reduce calcium oxalate kidney stones because it entrains oxalates in the cooking water.

5. Eat oily fish

The health of your heart and kidneys is closely linked to type and quality of grease what you eat For this reason, it is advisable to include oily fish in the diet, such as sardines, mackerel or salmon for its content of unsaturated fats, which reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol.

However, it is important not to overdo it, because it is not convenient for you to spend with protein, that also contain these foods. Try not to exceed 150 grams per day in meat, fish or eggs.

6. Have natural lemonade for breakfast

You can start the day with a Fresh lemonade or snack on an orange. Citric acid appears to help reduce the risk of developing calcium oxalate stones.

In clinical studies, it has been shown that the citric acid in lemon juice reduces the acidity of urine, which reduces the incidence of kidney stones.

7. Replace salt with spices

To reduce the salt in your meals, remember that not only what you add to your stews matters, since canned and ultra-processed foods contain large amounts of this seasoning. Check the labels.

You can compensate for the lack of “flavor” in your dishes add the spices that best suit each recipe. You will see how in a short time your palate adapts and your health thanks you for it.

8. Add cheese to your salads

One way to reduce the assimilation of oxalates by the body is to accompany foods that contain other rich in calcium.

You can consume dairy products such as, milk, cheese or yogurt. But no more than 2 or 3 servings a day, because you need to limit your protein intake.

Types of Kidney Stones

the size of the kidney stones it can look like a grain of sand or reach the size of a golf ball. However, in any case, its formation is always from particles who are in the urine. Which means that not all stones are the same, since it will depend on the substance that forms it. According to this criterion, kidney stones are classified into:

  • Calcium stones. These are the most common, since calcium is part of a healthy diet.
  • Struvite stones. They form from an infection of the urinary system.
  • uric acid stones. They can occur when there is too much acid in the urine.
  • Cystine stones. They are rare.

According to one type or another, it would be appropriate to increase or limit certain foods or others.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Symptoms of Kidney Stones Appear Suddenly when the stone is already very big and it gets stuck in the kidney, or when it goes down the ureters (tubes) to the bladder.

The small rocks usually do not cause problems and often they are only discovered during urine tests, ultrasounds or X-rays.

Here are the main signs that point to the formation of kidney stones:

  • Intense pain in the lower back.
  • Pink, red or brown urine.
  • Increased urinary frequency.
  • Pain when urinating.
  • Dizziness or vomiting.
  • Fever above 38°C.

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