how to detect the first symptoms of the disease before metastases develop

how to detect the first symptoms of the disease before metastases develop

Football and the whole world wept last Thursday the death of Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known around the world as Pele, at age 82. Since the news broke, many have wondered what the football star’s health issues were. According to the medical bulletin of the Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital, where he had been hospitalized for a month, Pelé died at 6:27 p.m. Spanish time, “for multiple organ failure progress result Colon Cancer associated with his previous clinical condition”. It was the main cause of his death, a metastatic cancer for which he was operated on in September 2021 and whose treatment was no longer effective. Thus, the triple world champion received “comfort measures” to alleviate the pain and shortness of breath caused by the cancer, which metastasized in his intestine, his lungs and his liver. Years before, the Brazilian had already been treated for problems with kidney stones and urinary tract infectionstwo common symptoms of this type of cancer. What are the first detectable symptoms? We tell you.

To take into account the importance of early detection, it is important to know that in the localized tumorssurvival is found above 90% at 5. However, in tumors that infiltrate beyond the colon or have lymphatic involvementlow survival until 50-75%. And in case of survival at 5 years when the tumor has metastasis in other organs, it is only 8-14%. In this sense, our country leads in survival for this type of cancer, with 64% (the European average is 57%).



CAUSES THAT INCREASE YOUR RISK

As explained from Chiron Healthrisk factors that increase the risk of colon cancer are:

  • Family history of colon or rectal cancer in a first-degree relative (parent, sibling).
  • Personal history of colon, rectal or ovarian cancer.
  • Personal history of adenomas high-risk (colorectal polyps 1 cm or larger or cells that look abnormal under the microscope).
  • Inherited changes in certain genes increase the risk of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or Lynch syndrome (hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer).
  • Personal history of ulcerative colitis Chronic or Crohn’s disease for 8 years or more.
  • Drink three or more alcoholic beverages up to date.
  • be a smoker. Several studies have shown that smoking can increase the risk of developing colon cancer by up to 75%.
  • Obesity. Inflammation of adipose tissue has been shown to increase the risk of developing colon cancer in obese patients.
  • Age. Increasing age is an important risk factor for most cancers.

Why is it detected in advanced stages?

Many cases of kidney cancer are detected relatively early, while they are still present. limited to the kidney although other cases are detected at more advanced stages of the disease. Between the reasons for late detection is the explanation that this type of cancer can reach a large size without causing pain or with symptoms that may be confused with other conditions (constipation, abdominal discomfort, gas, fatigue, etc.). In fact, most colon cancer symptoms can also be the result of conditions other than cancer, such as infection, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease.

It may be because pOlyps may be small and cause few symptoms or no symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer.

In this sense, and on the other hand, the lack of effective screening test, added to the fact that the kidneys are located in a deep area of ​​the body that is not felt on physical examination, make it more difficult to recognize them in the early stages. Treat the first symptoms or changes in bowel habitsis also a key detection factor.

first symptoms

As indicated by the DR. JAVIER RODRIGUEZ RODRIGUEZ, CO-DIRECTOR. GASTROINTESTINAL CANCER GASTROINTESTINAL REGION, the most common symptoms in the early stages of this cancer are:

  • Occult blood in feces It is one of the most common symptoms of colon cancer and anemia can occur.
  • Change in stool rhythm: Diarrhea or constipation appears in people who already have a normal bowel rhythm.
  • Narrower stools: Usually this happens because the tumor narrows the bowel and does not allow the normal passage of stool.
  • Abdominal pain: It is usually a common but non-specific symptom. When the tumor completely closes the caliber of the intestinal tube, it is called intestinal obstruction: This is a serious clinical situation that requires urgent medical attention.
  • Mucus in the stool.
  • Feeling of incomplete evacuation: It is the sensation of wanting to defecate. Most of the time, the stools are absent or very few and occur in many episodes.
  • When starting in the kidney, presence of blood in the urine, including urinary tract infections, bladder infections, and benign (non-cancerous) kidney conditions, such as kidney stones.

There are also episodes of weightloss without apparent cause and continuous feeling of weakness or tiredness.

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